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Do You Need Insurance To Buy A Car In Maryland?

When purchasing a new car, there are several important factors to consider, one of which is insurance. Insurance plays a crucial role in protecting both you and your vehicle from potential financial risks and liabilities.

However, the specific requirements for car insurance can vary from state to state. In the case of Maryland, understanding the state’s regulations regarding car insurance is essential to ensure compliance with the law and to safeguard yourself against potential penalties.

In this blog post, we will explore whether you need insurance to buy a car in Maryland, outlining the state’s minimum insurance requirements and providing insights into optional coverage and alternative options. By delving into these details, you’ll be better equipped to make informed decisions regarding your car insurance needs in the state of Maryland.

Do You Need Insurance To Buy A Car In Maryland?

Yes, in Maryland, you need to have car insurance to legally buy and operate a car. The state of Maryland requires all drivers to have a minimum amount of liability insurance coverage to protect against potential accidents and injuries.

The minimum liability insurance coverage in Maryland is as follows:

  • $30,000 for bodily injury per person
  • $60,000 for bodily injury per accident
  • $15,000 for property damage per accident

These are just the minimum requirements, and it’s recommended that drivers consider purchasing additional coverage to ensure they are fully protected in the event of an accident.

When you go to purchase a car in Maryland, the dealer or seller will typically ask for proof of insurance before allowing you to drive off the lot. It’s important to have insurance in place before you make your purchase to avoid any delays or complications.

Maryland’s Minimum Car Insurance Requirements

Liability Insurance

Liability insurance is a fundamental component of car insurance coverage in Maryland. It is designed to protect you financially in case you are deemed responsible for causing an accident resulting in bodily injury or property damage to others. This type of insurance coverage provides compensation for the affected party’s medical expenses, property repairs, and other related costs.

Liability insurance consists of two main components: bodily injury liability and property damage liability.

  1. Bodily Injury Liability: This aspect of liability insurance covers the medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, and potential lost wages of individuals injured in an accident for which you are at fault. It also includes legal defense fees if you are sued as a result of the accident. The coverage limits for bodily injury liability are usually stated as two amounts, such as $30,000/$60,000, which represents the maximum coverage for a single person injured in the accident and the maximum coverage for all individuals injured in the accident, respectively.
  2. Property Damage Liability: Property damage liability insurance covers the repair or replacement costs for any property damaged as a result of an accident for which you are at fault. This includes not only other vehicles but also buildings, fences, or any other structures. Similar to bodily injury liability, property damage liability insurance has a coverage limit, such as $25,000, which represents the maximum amount the insurance company will pay for property damage caused by the accident.

It’s important to note that liability car insurance coverage in Maryland is mandatory and must meet the state’s minimum requirements. These requirements ensure that drivers have a certain level of financial protection in case of accidents. However, it’s often recommended to consider purchasing higher coverage limits than the minimum requirements to provide greater financial security and protection in the event of a severe accident.

Liability insurance not only safeguards your personal assets but also provides peace of mind and financial protection to other individuals who may be affected by an accident for which you are responsible. It is a crucial aspect of car insurance that should not be overlooked when purchasing a vehicle in Maryland.

Specific Coverage Limits Mandated By Maryland Law

To ensure adequate financial protection for drivers and other parties involved in accidents, Maryland law has established specific coverage limits for liability insurance. These limits determine the minimum amount of coverage drivers must carry to comply with the state’s requirements. It’s important to understand these mandated coverage limits when purchasing car insurance in Maryland. Here are the specific coverage limits mandated by Maryland law:

  1. Bodily Injury Liability:
    • $30,000 per person: This represents the maximum amount of coverage available for medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, and lost wages of an individual injured in an accident for which you are at fault.
    • $60,000 per accident: This represents the maximum coverage available for all individuals injured in an accident for which you are at fault. If multiple people are injured, the total amount will be divided among them, but it cannot exceed $60,000.
  2. Property Damage Liability:
    • $15,000 per accident: This represents the maximum amount of coverage available for property damage caused by an accident for which you are at fault. It covers repairs or replacement costs for vehicles, buildings, fences, and other structures damaged in the accident.

These coverage limits serve as the minimum requirements set by Maryland law. While it is essential to meet these minimum limits, it is often advisable to consider purchasing higher coverage limits to provide increased financial protection. Severe accidents can result in significant medical expenses and property damage that exceed the minimum coverage amounts, leaving you personally liable for the remaining costs if your insurance falls short.

Additionally, it’s worth noting that these coverage limits apply to liability insurance, which is mandatory in Maryland. Optional coverage types, such as comprehensive and collision insurance, are not subject to specific mandated limits. However, it’s important to assess your personal circumstances and the value of your vehicle to determine appropriate coverage levels for comprehensive and collision insurance.

By understanding and adhering to Maryland’s specific car insurance coverage limits, you can ensure compliance with the law while also protecting yourself and others financially in the event of an accident.

Consequences Of Driving Without Insurance In Maryland

Driving without insurance in Maryland is a serious offense that can lead to significant legal and financial consequences. The state has stringent laws in place to enforce the requirement of having car insurance. Here are the potential consequences of driving without insurance in Maryland:

  1. Penalties and Fines: If you are caught driving without insurance in Maryland, you may face hefty fines and penalties. The specific amount can vary depending on the circumstances and whether it is your first offense. For example, for a first offense, the fine can range from $150 to $2,500. Subsequent offenses can result in higher fines and potential license suspension.
  2. License Suspension: Driving without insurance can lead to the suspension of your driver’s license and vehicle registration. In Maryland, the Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) has the authority to suspend your license and registration if you are found to be driving without the required insurance coverage. The duration of the suspension can vary, but it typically lasts until you provide proof of insurance and pay the required fees.
  3. SR-22 Requirement: In some cases, if you are convicted of driving without insurance, you may be required to file an SR-22 form with the MVA. An SR-22 is a document that verifies you have the necessary insurance coverage. This requirement may lead to increased insurance premiums and can stay on your record for several years.
  4. Legal Consequences: Driving without insurance can also expose you to potential legal consequences. If you are involved in an accident and found to be at fault while uninsured, you may be personally liable for any damages or injuries sustained by other parties involved. This can result in costly lawsuits and financial obligations that could have been covered by insurance.

It’s important to note that Maryland law enforcement agencies actively monitor compliance with insurance requirements through electronic verification systems. Random audits and traffic stops can lead to discovery of uninsured motorists. Therefore, maintaining proper car insurance coverage is not only a legal obligation but also a prudent financial decision to protect yourself and others on the road.

Overall, driving without insurance in Maryland can result in significant penalties, license suspension, SR-22 requirements, and potential legal liabilities. It is crucial to abide by the state’s insurance requirements to avoid these consequences and ensure you have the necessary protection in case of an accident

Optional Insurance Coverage in Maryland

Additional Coverage Options

While liability insurance is the minimum requirement in Maryland, there are additional coverage options available that can provide enhanced protection and peace of mind. These optional coverage types go beyond the basic liability coverage and offer various benefits to drivers. Here are some additional coverage options you may consider for car insurance in Maryland:

  1. Collision Coverage: Collision coverage is designed to cover the cost of repairs or replacement for your vehicle if it is damaged in a collision, regardless of fault. Whether you collide with another vehicle or a stationary object, such as a tree or a fence, collision coverage can help cover the expenses. This coverage is particularly valuable if you have a newer or more expensive vehicle that would be costly to repair or replace.
  2. Comprehensive Coverage: Comprehensive coverage protects your vehicle against non-collision-related incidents, such as theft, vandalism, fire, or natural disasters. It covers the cost of repairing or replacing your vehicle if it is damaged or lost due to these events. Comprehensive coverage provides a broader range of protection for your vehicle and is especially valuable if you live in an area prone to theft or severe weather conditions.
  3. Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage: Uninsured/underinsured motorist (UM/UIM) coverage protects you if you are involved in an accident with a driver who has insufficient insurance coverage or no insurance at all. It covers your medical expenses, lost wages, and other damages if the at-fault driver cannot adequately compensate you. UM/UIM coverage helps ensure you are protected even if the responsible party does not have enough insurance to cover your losses.
  4. Medical Payments Coverage: Medical payments coverage, also known as MedPay, covers medical expenses for you and your passengers resulting from an accident, regardless of fault. It can help pay for hospital bills, doctor visits, surgeries, and other medical costs related to injuries sustained in a car accident. Medical payments coverage can be particularly beneficial if you have high-deductible health insurance or limited personal injury protection.
  5. Rental Reimbursement Coverage: Rental reimbursement coverage helps cover the cost of renting a substitute vehicle while your car is being repaired or replaced after an accident. If your vehicle is rendered inoperable due to a covered claim, rental reimbursement coverage can provide peace of mind by ensuring you have access to transportation during the repair process.

These additional coverage options offer added protection and can help mitigate potential financial burdens in various situations. It’s important to assess your individual needs, budget, and the value of your vehicle when deciding which optional coverages to include in your insurance policy. Working closely with an insurance professional can help you determine the appropriate levels of coverage based on your unique circumstances.

Benefits Of Comprehensive And Collision Insurance

Comprehensive and collision insurance are two additional coverage options that offer a range of benefits beyond the basic liability coverage required in Maryland. Here are some of the advantages of having comprehensive and collision insurance:

  1. Protection against damage to your vehicle: Comprehensive and collision insurance cover damage to your vehicle that occurs as a result of a collision, theft, vandalism, fire, or natural disaster. These coverage types can help pay for the cost of repairs or replacement of your vehicle if it is damaged or totaled due to one of these events. Without comprehensive and collision insurance, you would be responsible for paying for these expenses out of pocket.
  2. Peace of mind: Knowing that your vehicle is protected against a wide range of potential risks can provide peace of mind while driving. With comprehensive and collision insurance, you can rest assured that you will be covered if something happens to your vehicle, regardless of fault.
  3. Higher resale value: Having comprehensive and collision insurance can also help maintain the resale value of your vehicle. If you were to sell or trade in your car, having a well-maintained vehicle with no history of significant damage can increase its value.
  4. Protection against uninsured motorists: If you are involved in an accident with an uninsured or underinsured motorist, comprehensive and collision insurance can help cover the costs of repairing or replacing your vehicle. Without this coverage, you would have to rely on the other driver’s insurance, which may not be sufficient to cover your losses.
  5. Flexibility: Comprehensive and collision insurance provide flexibility in terms of repair options. With these coverage types, you have the freedom to choose where to get your vehicle repaired or replaced, as opposed to being limited to a specific repair shop.

Overall, comprehensive and collision insurance in Maryland offer valuable protection and peace of mind for drivers. These coverage options are especially beneficial for those with newer or more expensive vehicles, but can also be a wise investment for anyone looking to protect their car against potential risks. It’s important to work with your insurance provider to determine the appropriate levels of coverage for your individual needs and budget.

Factors To Consider When Choosing Optional Coverage

When selecting optional coverage for your car insurance policy in Maryland, it’s important to consider various factors to ensure you make informed decisions that align with your needs and budget. Here are some key factors to consider when choosing optional coverage:

  1. Vehicle Value and Age: The value and age of your vehicle play a significant role in determining which optional coverages are necessary. For newer or more expensive vehicles, comprehensive and collision insurance are often recommended to protect against potential damage or loss. However, for older or less valuable vehicles, the cost of these coverages may outweigh the benefits. Assess the value of your vehicle and consider its replacement cost to determine if comprehensive and collision coverage is worthwhile.
  2. Risk Assessment: Evaluate your individual risk factors to identify potential risks you may want coverage for. For example, if you live in an area prone to theft or vandalism, comprehensive coverage becomes more valuable. If you frequently commute in heavy traffic or drive in areas with higher accident rates, uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage may be beneficial. Assess your driving habits, the environment in which you drive, and potential risks to determine which optional coverages provide the most relevant protection.
  3. Financial Considerations: Consider your budget and financial circumstances when choosing optional coverage. While comprehensive and collision insurance provide extensive protection, they also come with higher premiums. Assess your financial capabilities and determine the level of coverage you can comfortably afford. Balance the potential benefits and risks against your budget to find the right coverage options that provide adequate protection without straining your finances.
  4. Personal Needs and Preferences: Your personal circumstances and preferences should also guide your decision-making process. If you rely heavily on your vehicle for daily transportation and cannot afford downtime, rental reimbursement coverage may be beneficial. If you have valuable personal belongings frequently stored in your car, personal property coverage can help protect against theft or damage to those items. Evaluate your unique needs, lifestyle, and priorities to determine which optional coverages align with your preferences.
  5. Consultation with an Insurance Professional: Consulting with an insurance professional can provide valuable insights and guidance when choosing optional coverage. They can assess your specific situation, offer personalized advice, and help you understand the potential risks and benefits of each coverage type. An insurance professional can also provide cost estimates and help you compare different policy options from various insurance providers, ensuring you make an informed decision.

By considering these factors and seeking expert advice, you can make well-informed choices when selecting optional coverage for your car insurance policy in Maryland. Tailoring your coverage to your specific needs will help ensure you have adequate protection and peace of mind while on the road.

Alternatives to Traditional Car Insurance in Maryland

Overview Of Self-Insurance And Its Requirements

Self-insurance is an alternative option to traditional car insurance that allows individuals or entities to assume the financial risk of potential losses themselves, rather than purchasing coverage from an insurance company. While self-insurance can provide certain benefits, it is important to understand the requirements and considerations involved. Here is an overview of self-insurance and its requirements:

  1. Eligibility and Approval: Self-insurance is typically available to large organizations, such as businesses, government agencies, or fleet owners, rather than individual drivers. To qualify for self-insurance, you must meet specific eligibility criteria established by the state of Maryland. This often includes demonstrating financial stability, having a significant number of vehicles under your ownership, and meeting specific net worth requirements. Approval for self-insurance is subject to review and authorization by the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA).
  2. Proof of Financial Responsibility: As a self-insurer, you must provide proof of your financial ability to cover potential losses resulting from accidents or claims. This may involve submitting financial statements, surety bonds, or other forms of financial documentation to demonstrate your ability to fulfill your obligations as a self-insurer. The purpose of these requirements is to ensure that you have sufficient resources to pay for damages or injuries caused by your vehicles.
  3. Compliance with State Regulations: While self-insurance allows you to assume the financial risk, you are still required to comply with Maryland’s laws and regulations governing motor vehicles and liability coverage. This includes meeting the state’s minimum coverage requirements for liability insurance, as well as adhering to reporting and filing obligations as outlined by the MVA.
  4. Ongoing Financial Responsibility: As a self-insurer, you are responsible for directly paying for any damages or liabilities resulting from accidents involving your vehicles. This includes covering medical expenses, property damage, and other costs incurred by other parties. It is essential to maintain adequate financial reserves and resources to fulfill these obligations promptly.

It’s important to note that self-insurance is not a viable option for individual drivers or small-scale vehicle owners. It is generally reserved for large organizations that have the financial capacity to assume the risks associated with potential losses. If you are considering self-insurance, it is advisable to consult with legal and financial professionals to ensure compliance with state requirements and to fully understand the responsibilities and implications involved.

Ultimately, self-insurance can provide greater control over your financial risks, but it requires careful consideration, financial stability, and adherence to the applicable regulations set forth by the state of Maryland.


In conclusion, obtaining insurance is a legal requirement when buying a car in Maryland. Liability insurance is mandatory and must meet the state’s minimum coverage limits to ensure financial protection in the event of an accident. Maryland law also requires proof of insurance when registering a vehicle or renewing its registration.

While liability insurance is the minimum requirement, individuals purchasing a car in Maryland have the option to explore additional coverage types to enhance their protection. Comprehensive and collision insurance offer benefits such as coverage against damage to the vehicle, protection against uninsured motorists, and peace of mind. Optional coverage options like rental reimbursement and medical payments coverage provide further financial security and convenience.

However, it is essential to consider various factors when choosing optional coverage, including the value and age of the vehicle, personal risk factors, budgetary constraints, and individual preferences. Consulting with insurance professionals can provide valuable guidance and help determine the appropriate coverage levels based on specific needs.

Driving without insurance in Maryland carries severe consequences, including fines, license suspension, and potential legal liabilities. It is crucial to comply with the state’s insurance requirements to ensure legal compliance, financial protection, and peace of mind while operating a vehicle.

By understanding the insurance requirements in Maryland, exploring additional coverage options, and making informed decisions, individuals purchasing a car in Maryland can ensure they have the necessary protection in place and meet their legal obligations as responsible vehicle owners.